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No.38 Dawn inside the Yoshiwara

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Reference »  Glossary

Bakufu 幕府 The Government of feudal period of Japan

Banko

万古 Japanese earthenware produced at the turn of 19 and 20th centuries

Bijinga

美人画 Picture of a beauty or a young kabuki actor
Bizen 備前 Ancient province, consisting of parts of today's Okayama, Ehime and Hyogo prefecture

Biwa

琵琶 String instrument resembling a lute

Bunraku

文楽 Japanese puppet theatre originating in 17th century

Byobu

屏風 Decorative multi panel folding screen

Cloisonné

Enamel, a technique of metal decoration

Daishou

大小 Lit. long and short. A set of two swords, worn strictly by the samurai class

Dohyou

土俵 The circle ring of sumou

Kabuki

歌舞伎 Japanese dance and drama theatre dating back to early 17th century

Kabuto

Combat helmet of the samurai armour

Kaburo / kamuro

禿 Young apprentice courtesan

Kachou- ga

花鳥画 Images of flowers, birds, insects and small animals

Kadou

華道 Way of Ikebana

Kakejiku

掛け軸 Hanging wall scroll

Kakiemon

柿右衛門 Japanese Porcelain produced in Arita region

Kanzashi

Traditional ornamental hairpin

Kassen- e

合戦絵 Scene of war/ rebellion from Japanese history

Kimono

着物 Traditional Japanese garment

Kiseru

煙管 Traditional Japanese pipe

Koto

Traditional Japanese multi stringed instrument
Kuge 公家 Japanese aristocratic class

Kutani

九谷 Porcelain produced in Ishikawa Prefecture

Fukei- ga

風景画 Landscape

Fundoshi

犢鼻褌 Traditional Japanese underwear for adult men

Furin

風鈴 Wind bells made of glass

Furoshiki

風呂敷 Wrapping cloth used to carry or store things

Fuzoku- ga

風俗画 Genre picture

Geiko

芸子 Entertainer performing traditional Japanese dance and music in Kyoto

Geisha

芸者 Entertainer who performs traditional Japanese dance and music in Tokyo

Gendai hanga

現代版画 Contemporary Japanese print

Geta

下駄 Traditional Japanese wooden sandals
Gojuu-no-tou 五重の塔 Five stories pagoda
Goza 茣蓙 A mat made of juncus effusus(rush) plant

Hanga

版画 Japanese print

Hanabi

花火 Fireworks

Hanami

花見 Cherry blossoms viewing

Hashira- e

柱絵
Lit. pillar print. Long slender picture

Hinamatsuri

雛祭り Dolls festival for Girl's Day on 3rd March

Hotoke

Buddha
Horagai 螺貝  Wind instrument made of conch shell

Ikebana

生花 Japanese traditional flower arrangement

Imari

伊万里 Porcelain produced in Saga prefecture

Inro

印籠 Lit. seal box. Small box with compartments for small personal objects, mostly medicine
Ishidara いしだら A stone lantern often set in the Japanese garden

Izumo

出雲 East part of Shimane prefecture

Jinja

神社 Shinto Shrine

Jizou

地藏 Statue of a Buddhist saint, guardian of children

Joururi

浄瑠璃 Chanting narrative with accompanying of shamisen in Bunraku theatre
Ju-goya 十五夜 Full moon viewing on the 15th Aug of the traditional Japanese lunisolar calendar

Ju-ni hitoe

十二単 12 layered kimono of Heian period
Ju-sanya 十三夜 The moon viewing on the 13th Sep of the traditional lunisolar calendar

Jitte

十手 Weapon used by police officers in the Edo period

Maiko

舞妓 Apprentice of Geiko in Kyoto

Miko

巫女 Female dancers serving at a Shinto shine

Mino

美濃 Ancient prefecture, part of today's Gifu

Musashi

武蔵 Ancient prefecture, consisting of parts of today's Tokyo, Saitama and parts of Kanagawa prefecture

Musha- e

武者絵 Image of a warrior

Netsuke

根付 Pendant, counterweight for inro, holding it in place behind the sash

Nimai tsuzuki

二枚続き Diptych

Ninja

忍者 Undercover agents working for warlords

Noh

Traditional Japanese mask theatre originating in 14th century

Obake

お化け
Japanese ghost

Obi

Broad belt for kimono

Ougi- e

扇絵 Design of a folding fan

Onnagata

女形 Kabuki actor specialising in female roles

Owari

尾張 West parts of today's Aichi prefecture

Rekishi- e

歴史絵 Scene from Japanese history

Ryu

Dragon

Sadou

茶道 Way of tea ceremony

Sagami

相模 Part of today's Kanagawa prefecture

Sakura

Cherry blossom tree, symbol of beauty and illusiveness of life

Sanmai tsuzuki

三枚続き Triptych

Satsuma no kuni

薩摩の國 West parts of today's Kagoshima prefecture

Satsuma

薩摩 Pottery produced in Satsuma region

Sensu

扇子 Japanese folding fan

Shakuhachi

尺八 A type of Japanese flute traditionally made of bamboo

Shamisen

三味線 Traditional Japanese three string instrument

Shibai- e

芝居絵 Scene of the Kabuki play
Shichigosan 七五三 The ceremony of coming of age for seven, five and three years, celebrated on 15th Nov

Shikishi- e

色紙絵 Lit. square shaped picture, name of a format

Shin hanga

新版画 Modern print

Shini- e

死に絵 Obituary portrait of a famous person

Shinto

神道 Japanese ancient religion

Shochikubai

松竹梅 Triad of bamboo, pine tree and plum tree, known as three friends of winter. Auspicious symbol in poetry and paintings common for Asian cultural region

Shodou

書道 Way of calligraphy

Shogatsu

正月 New Year's day

Sho- ga

書画 Calligraphy with an image

Shogi

将棋
Japanese chess

Shogun

将軍 General, military director of Bakufu, equivalent of an admiral

Shoji

障子 Wooden framed slid door with Japanese paper screen

Shun- ga

春画 Erotic image

Sumi- e

墨絵  Ink painting
Sumida 隅田 Pottery produced at the turn of 19 and 20th centuries in Tokyo

Sumo

相撲 Traditional Japanese wrestling

Sumo- e

相撲絵 Portrait of a Sumo wrestler

Surimono

刷り物 Seasonal calligraphy with an adequate image. Very limited edition, usually personal message from the author to his benefactors or friends

Tanzaku- e

短冊絵 Long and slender shaped picture

Tera

Buddhist Temple

Tenno

天皇 Emperor

Tabi

足袋 Japanese socks worn with kimono

Tanabata

七夕 The star festival marked by meeting Vega and Altair on the 7th of July
Tango no Sekku 端午の節句 The Boys Festival on 5th May
Tenugui 手拭 Japanese cotton towel, approximately 90cm x 35cm

Torii

鳥居 A gate built at the shrine entrance signifying a sacred area

Tsukimi

月見 Viewing of the moon

Tsuba

Sword guard

Uchiwa

団扇 Rounded paper fan on a bamboo frame

Uchiwa- e

団扇絵 Design of a round fan

Ukiyo-e

浮世絵 Lit. images of the floating world, traditional Japanese woodblock prints

Urushi

Japanese lacquer work
Umibozu 海坊主 Ocean monster destroys ships

Wagasa

和傘 Japanese umbrella made of paper on a bamboo frame

Watashi-bune

渡し船 A ferry boat

Waraji

草鞋 Traditional Japanese footwear made of straw rope

Yakusha- e

役者絵 Portrait of a Kabuki actor
Yamashiro 山城 Ancient Kyoto prefecture

Yamato

大和 Nara prefecture, also, an ancient name of Japan

Yukaku

遊郭 Red light district

Yoshiwara

吉原 Pleasure quarter in Edo

Zori

草履 Traditional Japanese footwear